Hyperbaric Oxygen therapy is an effective adjunct to antibiotics and surgery, the traditional treatments for osteomyelitis. When bacteria involved in anaerobic , meaning they thrive in low oxygen environments, hyberbaric oxygen kills them and stops them from replicating, spreading , and releasing damaging toxins. HBOT may also improve circulation , boost the effect of antibiotics , deliver infection fighting blood components to the infection site, and accelerate bone growth and healing.